PLACEMENT OF BADGES AND INSIGNIA
Illustrated Reference of badge placement, tie, and hair. (click Reference)
Shoulder Badge (Shoulder Flash)
The shoulder badge is worn on both sleeves of the tunic only. The top of the badge is to be 2 cm below the shoulder seam. See Figure 2-20.
Your cap badge is worn on the left side of the wedge. The centre of the badge is positioned half-way between the front
and middle of the wedge and it is centred between the top and bottom of the wedge.
Leading Air Cadet (LAC) Props
Your LAC props belong half-way between the shoulder seam and elbow.
Your first year proficiency badge is centred on the left sleeve of the tunic. The bottom edge of the badge should be 7.0 cm above the bottom of the sleeve.
If you have a name tag it is worn on the flap of the right breast pocket of the tunic. The name tag is placed half-way between the button and the top of the flap.
First Aid Badge
If you have Emergency or Standard First Aid qualifications, your badges should be on the left-sleeve, centred, 7.0 cm
from the bottom of the sleeve, or 1.0 cm above the proficiency badge, if one is worn.
ORIGIN OF THE UNIFORM
In early wars, during the heat of battle, the fighting men could not recognize each other and often fought their own friends. In those days, people wore whatever they pleased and no one knew by sight alone who was friend and who was foe. Clever generals dressed their men all the same, or in a “uniform dress,” and scored many victories before this new development in warfare became widely known. The story of the origin of the Air Force Blue uniform is interesting.
At one time, England was a major supplier of uniforms and the materiel for them. At the time of the October Revolution in Russia, there was a large quantity of clothing in England that was originally ordered for the old Russian Army. The cloth remained unused until at the end of the First World War, the Royal Air Force (RAF) came into existence and required uniforms. The result was that the RAF and original Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) uniforms were the same colour as the old Tsarist Russian uniform.
The original cadet uniform was also blue. In 1968 the Army, Navy and Air Force unified into the Canadian Armed Forces. At that time the Canadian Forces adopted a single green uniform that remained for almost 20 years. In 1994, the Air Cadet uniform changed once again to the present traditional air force blue style.
Cadet Administrative and Training Order (CATO) 55-04, Air Cadet Dress Instructions (Apr 2006), details the items of wear and the uniforms that you are allowed to wear. Your squadron has a copy of this book. DND approves and issues on loan, the uniform worn by air cadets. The care and custody of all items of clothing issued are the responsibility of individual cadets and their parents or guardians during the cadet’s service with the organization.
The dress and appearance of air cadets in uniform shall, on all occasions, be such to reflect credit to their unit and the Royal Canadian Air Cadets. The uniform is to be worn only when attending authorized parades or activities. When cadets appear in uniform in public, it is their duty to be sure that their uniforms are properly maintained and correctly worn.
CARE AND WEARING OF THE UNIFORM
You shall only wear your uniform when:
a. you are attending training or proceeding to or from the place where you train; or
b. you are attending ceremonies or functions at which the wearing of the uniform is appropriate and authorized.
The following paragraphs give you some regulations and hints about how to wear your uniform.
You wear your wedge on the right side of your head. The lower point of the front crease of the wedge is to be in the centre of your forehead. The front edge of the cap is to be 2.5 cm (1 in.) above your right eyebrow. If you remember that the bird on the cap badge should look toward the sky, you will always have the cap on the right side of your head. To be sure the cap is 2.5 cm (1 in.) above the right eyebrow, you can use the measurement of the width of two fingers. If your hair hangs down on your forehead you should be sure to tuck it under your wedge when in uniform.
When you are outside you will always keep your head-dress on, even when you are seated. You will also keep your head-dress on in a mall or store unless you are seated. Remove your head-dress in a restaurant or church.
If you are a member of the Sikh religion you may wear a turban and associated personal items. The turban will be air force blue. The hat badge is centered midway on the front of the turban.
When wearing the tunic you shall always keep all pockets buttoned. Be sure all front buttons (except the top) are also
fastened. You should keep your tunic well pressed. The sleeves of the jacket shall be roll-pressed with no creases. Be sure your belt is even with no twists. The black buckle of your tunic belt is to be centered. The pockets of your tunic should not bulge.
Your trousers/slacks should be well pressed. Creases should be sharp. Creases in male pants go up the front centre of each leg and extend to the waist, inside the first belt-loops. Creases in female slacks go up the front centre of each leg and extend to the corner of the pocket. Rear creases extend up the centre of the pant leg and meet in the back at the waistband, forming a “V.” Your trousers/slacks should reach the point where the creases will be slightly broken on the top of the boots. Males trousers are held up by a belt.
Note – When ironing your pants and tunic you should use a pressing cloth. A pressing cloth may be a towel, pillowcase or other piece of cloth. Some people also use an open brown paper bag. The pressing cloth will prevent your tunic and pants from becoming shiny due to ironing. You should also use a pressing cloth when ironing your wedge and necktie. The creases in your trousers/slacks sharpen with the use of a moist pressing cloth or by wetting the crease itself.
Your shirt should be neatly pressed when worn. The only crease in the shirt should be down the centre of each arm beginning at the centre of each epaulette. It may be helpful to starch the collar of the shirt to prevent it from becoming limp.
Your necktie should be ironed and tidy. The knot should be compact and the tie done up to the collar when worn. Figure
2-15 illustrates two methods of tying a necktie.
T-Shirt (Light Blue)
The light blue T-shirt is worn at summer camp. You will keep your T-shirt well pressed with creases down the centre of each arm beginning at the shoulder seam.
You will wear your turtleneck during the winter. It is worn with the neck band neatly folded down. The turtleneck is ironed with no creases.
You will wear the grey wool socks that are issued to you by your squadron. If you are allergic to the material in the socks, you may wear other socks made of a suitable material and colour. Another option is to place sports socks under your issue grey socks.
Your overcoat may be worn when the weather is appropriate. You may turn up and button the collar in severe weather. No rank Insignia or other badges are to be worn on the overcoat. Your overcoat is to be kept buttoned whenever it is worn.
Your black issue boots are laced straight across, as illustrated in Figure 2-16. You shall keep them in good repair and well shined. The following is one method used to get a good shine on boots:
a. remove dust and dirt from the boot with a soft damp cloth (do not use this cloth for polishing);
b. use an old toothbrush to remove dirt from the welts;
c. use the toothbrush, with polish, to blacken the welts; and
d. apply a moderate amount of polish to the area of the boot you will polish first. Use a polish cloth or other soft cloth wrapped around your index finger and dampened in cool water. You should work one section of the boot at a time. Apply the polish in a circular motion. Start with larger circles to cover the area with polish. Use smaller circles as the polish works into the boot. Continue with the circular motion until you can no longer see the circles formed by the polish. You will have to continue applying coats of polish in this way until the boots have a high gloss. Considerable patience is required with new or previously unpolished boots.
Your Uniform is Government Property
When you joined cadets your parents signed your enrolment form. By signing the enrolment form your parents have taken responsibility for all parts of your uniform. As a result, you are always responsible for all parts of your uniform. You should follow these rules:
a. Do not leave your uniform lying around.
b. Mark your name in every piece of your uniform.
c. Return damaged or poorly fitting parts of your uniform to your squadron supply and get new parts.
d. Be sure that any parts of your uniform that you return are signed off when you return them. You have a right to insist on this, even to an officer or senior cadet.
e. You must return your uniform promptly if you leave the squadron.
When you are in uniform you should present a good appearance. Chewing gum, slouching, hands in pockets, walking arm in arm, and similar actions do not look good for a cadet in uniform. The way you behave in uniform will affect what people think of all cadets. The pride you show in your uniform is a reflection of the pride you have in yourself and your squadron.
Make-up - Females
When you are wearing your uniform, you shall wear a limited amount of make-up. You cannot wear false eyelashes, heavy eyeliner brightly coloured eye shadow or coloured nail polish.
You shall not wear jewellery when you are in uniform, except wrist watches, ID or Medic Alert bracelets. You can also wear rings as long as they are not costume jewellery. Female cadets may wear plain gold stud earrings in pierced ears. The ear-rings shall be round and not more than 7 mm (1/4 in.) in diameter. (Male cadets are not permitted to wear ear-rings.) You cannot wear other types of ear-rings, but you may wear sleepers while your ears are healing after piercing. Only one pair of ear-rings/sleepers may be worn at a time.